In order to understand kidney failure, it helps to know how the normal kidneys look and work.
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located in the abdomen toward the back, normally one on each side of the spine.
The kidneys’ main job is to filter blood and help the body get rid of excess water, salt, and waste products. Your kidneys also help balancing levels of electrolyte levels in the body, controlling blood pressure, and stimulating the production of red blood cells.
We have 2 kidneys, but a person can live with less than even one complete kidney. Some people live without any working kidneys at all (kidney failure). Their blood is filtered by a machine in a process called dialysis.
Acute kidney failure is a condition where your kidneys suddenly stop working.
There are 3 major causes of kidney failure , such as:
– Antibiotics, such as gentamycin and streptomycin.
– Pain medicines, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
– Some blood pressure medicines, such as ACE inhibitors.
– The dyes used in some X-ray tests.
Acute kidney failure often does not cause symptoms that you notice.
When symptoms do appear, they may include:
Diagnosis of kidney failure is confirmed by blood tests measuring the buildup of waste products in the blood: BUN (blood, urea, nitrogen), creatinine, and GFR (glomerular filtration rate) level.
Some people have a greater chance of getting kidney failure over time. People with higher risk of kidney failure, are:
Compiled by: wordpress/kidney